There are many types of fungi in this world, with estimation of three hundred thousand species exist. Mold is a type of fungi that usually occur both inside and outside a building. Its best environment to grow are warm, moist, and wet condition. It will multiply itself by making spores and spread it around through the air. The spores will grow once they land on a damp surface. Despite uncommon, molds are tough creatures that are able to survive harsh condition such as drought or situation where humidity is low. Four types of mold that can be found indoor are Cladisporium, Penicillium, Alternaria, and Aspergillus. Sometimes, these molds are better known by their color, such as black mold and orange mold.
In outdoor setting, molds are usually found in dim and humid area. It can also be found in places such as forest or soil where leaves, fruits, or other organic material are decomposed. In indoor setting, molds are actually uncommon due to the fact that most building materials are able to sustain its growth. Still, molds are able to grow in places related to water or dampness. The most common place for molds are bathroom, kitchen, plumbing spaces, basement, and any places with high humidity levels. Places with bad ventilation is also prone to the growth of molds. Exposure to molds might incude allergic reaction such as cough, mold rash, and wheezing.
There are some ways to reduce molds occurrence. First, humidity levels must be controlled. Make sure that humidity level are no greater that 50%. Another thing that should be focused on is good ventilation, especially those around places that are prone to molds, such as bathroom and kitchen. If molds still occurs after all the efforts, it is able to remove by commercial products such as bleach solutions and soaps. The usage of a bleach solution shouldnt be greater than 200 ml in 20 liter or water and manufacturers instruction should be read and followed carefully.